What is Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation
Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation is a direct result of the inflammation of the skin, which is most usually a result of the healing of acne lesion, burn, rash or traumatic injury.
It’s logical – when our skin tissue starts healing, the cells secrete chemicals known as cytokines that helps in creating new skin. However, these cytokines also stimulate cells called as melanocytes which when stimulated create more melanin. Melanin is the primary pigment in the skin, and that’s how hyper pigmentation is caused.
Read more about it here.
What to Do about it?
Since we have already established on as to how a post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation (PIH) is caused, now let’s explore several ways to get rid of it. Luckily, there are numerous ways to treat PIH. Read further to know more about them.
- Wear a Sunscreen
This is the most well-studied and well-researched method to keep PIH at bay. The main cause of hyper pigmentation is the harmful UV rays, from sunlight. Therefore, the most obvious form of action here is to protect your skin from those hazardous rays. Ideally, you should not stay under the sun from 12pm to 4pm since this is the time when these hazardous UV rays are at its peak.
You must also make sure that a broad-spectrum SPF sunscreen is properly applied on your skin when you step out as it will effectively prevent the hyper pigmentation from becoming worse. Lastly, learn to protect your skin by covering your skin properly, and remember to wear SPF hats and sunglasses.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C plays a vital role in eliminating PIH if you are already suffering from it. The antioxidant components help in suppressing melanin synthesis, which gradually aids in reducing hyper pigmentation in the skin. You can either consume Vitamin C from your daily diet or you can apply it topically with the help of a cream.
- Azelaic Acid
Commonly found under the brand name Finacea, is usually recommended for treating acne and rosacea. Azelaic acid is also known to aid in dramatically reducing hyper pigmentation through tyrosinase inhibition and cytotoxic effects towards melanocytes. It is strongly suggested that you check with your doctor prior to its application since it is known to cause redness, burning, irritation or allergic reactions.
- Skin Lightening Mask
Many suggest opting for skin lightening masks if nothing works. This technique is usually recommended for treating mild to moderate levels of hyper pigmentation. It helps in blocking the enzyme involved in the formation of melanin. Moreover, it is also safe to use on pretty much all types of skin.
- Laser Treatment
Last but not the least we have the advantage of undergoing a laser treatment for reducing PIH. Laser energy is delivered to specific areas that need attention. This energy is profoundly absorbed by the dark cells containing heavy pigment, and this energy then causes the pigment to break. The duration of the treatment is generally divided into few sessions depending on the severity of the case.